Opening a second trench

Due to heavy rains in San Pedro del Arroyo we had to stop the excavation at the burial area for a while, so it was decided to open a second trench, this time with the East-West axis at the south end of the excavated area.

In this case it was observed that underneath the surface levels provided a horizontal surface basically composed of lime. It appears to be a floor, because it’s occupying all the space bounded by two parallel walls that run, approximately oriented, East-West. On this floor there were several burials performed, as usual at the site, some of which significantly affect the low empire era structures. However, the floor shows how elements mentioned before fossilizes other elements, is the case of a large negative structure which seems to correspond to a silo, or pit, clogged with soil, ashes, and waste from the households (kitchen ware, storage, faunal bone remains...).

An image of some of the graves, in this case with low walls of brick, which are based on Late Empire living areas.

Photo of a silo / well sealed by the lime soil.

Translated by Lara M. Moreda
Edited by Andrew B. Greeves

Tombs with anthropomorphic plants

We are still excavating in, the so-called, “Trench 1,” in which, as already mentioned, we intend to document the southern limit of this great funeral space. Anthropomorphic plant tombs appear here, sometimes they are covered and sometimes not. In general, the condition of the cadaveric remains may be regarded as optimum; however, the high level of acidity of the natural substrate causes huge erosion in the most sensitive bones (case of the ribcage, the heads of femurs and of tibias, or phalanges of the fingers).

View of the excavated area in Trench 1. You can see the graves, some with a stone cover.

A photo of two burials in anthropomorphic tombs. Both in supine position but with a different position of the upper extremities.

Translated by Lara M. Moreda
Edited by Andrew B. Greeves

Southern boundary of the funeral area

The area that we have begun to excavate is a trench located in North-South axis, parallel to the wall of the local cemetery. This excavation aims to highlight the southern boundary of the burial area localized during the previous campaign; characterized by the presence of graves, mostly anthropomorphic and, sometimes, reused as sarcophagi lids.

View of the first area in which it is being excavated, parallel to the wall of the cemetery of the town.

Photo of some of the mentioned graves. The tombs have an anthropomorphic shape and sometimes they have a cover made of gabled sarcophagus lids.

Translated by Lara M. Moreda
Edited by Andrew B. Greeves

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